过硫酸铵作为氧化剂和漂白剂，被广泛地用于蓄电池工业；它还用作聚合的引发剂、纤维工业的脱浆剂; 并可用作金属及半导体材料表面处理剂、印刷线路的刻蚀剂; 还广泛用于石油开采的油层压裂, 面粉和淀粉加工业、油脂工业, 在照相工业上用来除去海波。
Ammonium persulfate is widely used in battery industry as oxidant and bleach; It is also used as initiator for polymerization and desizing agent for fiber industry; It can also be used as surface treatment agent for metal and semiconductor materials and etching agent for printed circuits; It is also widely used in oil reservoir fracturing, flour and starch processing industry, oil industry, and photographic industry to remove sea waves.
英文别名：Ammonium persulfate ，APS ，PER
English alias: ammonium persulfate, APS, per
Properties: white crystal or powder. No smell. The dry pure product can be stable for several months. When it is wet, it will gradually decompose into oxygen containing ozone, and when heated, it will decompose into oxygen and become ammonium pyrosulfate. It is easily soluble in water. The aqueous solution is acidic and decomposes gradually at room temperature. At higher temperature, it decomposes quickly to release oxygen and produce ammonium bisulfate. Relative density 1.98. Low toxicity, LD50 (rat, oral) 820mg / kg. It has strong oxidation, can cause combustion by friction or impact with organic matter. It is corrosive.
Storage: sealed, cool and dry. Prevent contact with organic matter.
Ammonium persulfate uses: verification and determination of manganese, used as oxidant. bleaching agents. Photographic reductants and blockers. Battery depolarizer. It is used for the preparation of soluble starch.
Quality inspection information quality inspection item indicator value
水不溶物，% ≤0.005 重金属（以Pb计），% ≤0.0005 锰（Mn），% ≤0.00005 铁（Fe），% ≤0.0005 灼烧残渣（以硫酸盐计），% ≤0.02 氯化物及氯酸盐（以Cl计），% ≤0.001 澄清度试验 合格 含量[（NH4）2S2O8]，% ≥98.0
Water insoluble matter,% ≤ 0.005 heavy metal (calculated by Pb),% ≤ 0.0005 manganese (MN),% ≤ 0.00005 iron (FE),% ≤ 0.0005 burning residue (calculated by sulfate),% ≤ 0.02 chloride and chlorate (calculated by CL),% ≤ 0.001 qualified content of clarity test [(NH4) 2S2O8],% ≥ 98.0
Emergency treatment: isolate the leakage contaminated area and restrict access. It is recommended that emergency treatment personnel wear dust masks (full cover) and wear anti poison clothing. Do not directly contact the leakage. Do not contact the leakage with reducing agent, organic matter, inflammables or metal powder. Small leakage: mix it with sand, dry lime or soda ash. Collect it in a dry, clean and covered container. It can also be washed with a large amount of water and diluted with washing water and then put it into the wastewater system. Large leakage: collect, recycle or transport it to Waste disposal site.
Precautions for ammonium persulfate operation: closed operation, local exhaust. Operators must receive special training and strictly abide by the operating procedures. It is recommended that operators wear hooded electric air supply filter dust respirator, polyethylene anti-virus clothing and rubber gloves. Keep away from kindling and heat sources. Smoking is strictly prohibited in the workplace. Avoid dust generation. Avoid contact with reducing agent and active metal powder. Handle with care to prevent damage to packaging and containers. Vibration, impact and friction are prohibited. Provide corresponding varieties and quantities of fire-fighting equipment and leakage emergency treatment equipment. Emptied containers may leave harmful substances.
Storage precautions: store in a cool, dry and well ventilated warehouse. Keep away from fire and heat source. The package must be sealed to prevent moisture. It shall be stored separately from reducing agent and active metal powder, and mixed storage shall not be allowed. The storage area shall be provided with suitable materials to contain leakage.